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Textbook Glossary

This isn't actually from the textbook. It just needs a better name.
 
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Accuracy: The degree of closeness of a measured or calculated quantity to its actual (true) value.
Actuator: A mechanical device for moving or controlling a mechanism or system.
Addressing level protocol: The first network-level protocol is the Address Resolution Protocol (ARP).
 ARP dynamically translates Internet addresses into the unique hardware addresses on local area networks.
Analogue: Relating to, or being a device in which data are represented by continuously variable, measurable, physical
 quantities, such as length, width, voltage, or pressure.
Analysing: Changing data into information
Application level protocol: ???
Automated structural calculations: ???
Automated ordering of components: ???
 
 
Bias: An error in data, often resulted from inaccurate analysis, collection errors, etc.
Bit depth: The number of bits used to store information about each pixel of an image.
Backup: A copy of the data stored elsewhere for security and recovery
 
 
Centralised processing: Processing which is done by CPU
Client: An application or system that accesses a remote service on another computer system, known as a server, by way of a network.
Client-server model:
Codec: A device or program capable of encoding and/or decoding a digital data stream or signal.
Collecting: Gathering of the data to put into the information system
Communication system: A collection of individual communications networks, transmission systems, relay stations, tributary stations, and data terminal equipment (DTE) usually capable of interconnection and interoperation to form an integrated whole.
Compatibility: When certain software that runs on one of the models can also be run on all other models of the family.
Compression: Reducing the amount of data to be stored in a way that can allow all the data to be restored later
Computer aided design (CAD): The use of computer technology to aid in the design and especially the drafting (technical drawing and engineering drawing) of a part or product, including entire buildings.
Computer aided manufacture (CAM): The use of computer-based software tools that assist engineers and machinists in manufacturing or prototyping product components.
Computer numerical control (CNC): (computer numerical control systems)
Context diagram: A diagram that shows the environment the information would be used in, its inputs and its outputs
Critical damping: ???
 
 
Data: A representation of things - meaningless/purposeless facts.
Database: A structured collection of records or data that is stored in a computer system.
Database management system (DBMS): Software that allows manipulation of databases.
Data dictionary:  Centralized repository of information about data such as meaning, relationships to other data, origin, usage, and format.
Data flow diagram: A diagram that shows the way data goes through the system
Data mining: Process of sorting through large amounts of data and picking out relevant information.
Data packet:  formatted unit of data carried by a packet mode computer network.
Data redundancy:  A property of some disk arrays (most commonly in RAID systems) which provides fault tolerance, so that all or part of the data stored in the array can be recovered in the case of disk failure.
Data visualisation: A technique for creating images, diagrams, or animations to communicate a message.
Data warehouse: A repository of an organization's electronically stored data. Data warehouses are designed to facilitate reporting and analysis.
Decision support: (decision suppor systems) constitute a class of computer-based information systems including knowledge-based systems that support decision-making activities.
Decision table: Are a precise yet compact way to model complicated logic.
Decision tree: Is a decision support tool that uses a graph or model of decisions and their possible consequences, including chance event outcomes, resource costs, and utility.
Decode: Is the reverse of encoding, which is the process of transforming information from one format into another.
Decompression: Is the process of encoding information using fewer bits (or other information-bearing units) than an unencoded representation would use through use of specific encoding schemes.
Decryption:
Demodulation: Conversion of digital to analogue
Digital: Represented by  binary - zeros and ones
Digitising:
Direct conversion:
Displaying:
Distributed processing:
Documentation:
Drill downs:
 
 
 
E-commerce:
EFTPOS:
Encode:
Encryption:
End user:
Enviroment: 
Ethical practice:
Expert systems:
Extranet:
  
 
Fat client:
Feasibility:
File formats:
Firmware:
Flat file:
  
 
Gantt Chart:
Geographic Information Systems (GIS):
Group decision support systems:
  
 
Handshaking:
Hardware:
HTML: HyperText Markup Language
Hyperlink:
Hypermedia: (a hyperlink is one of these)
  
 
Implementation plan:
Information:
Information system:
Information technology:
Internet:
Intranet:
Issue:
  
 
  
 
  
 
Local area networks (LAN):
Logical operator:
  
 
Mail client:
Mail server:
Management Information Systems (MIS):
Media:
Metadata: Data describing data
Microfiche:
Mirroring:
Modulation:
Multimedia:
  
 
Net-etiquette:
Network topology:
Neural networks:
  
 
Off-site storage: (grandfather, father, son)
On-line Analytical Processing (OLAP): (data visualisation, drill downs)
On-site storage:
Organising:
Overdamping
  
 
Parallel conversion:
Parallel processing:
Participant:
Phased conversion:
Pilot conversion:
Pixel:
Primary storage:
Privacy:
Process:
Processing:
Protocol:
Prototype:
  
 
  
 
Radio frequency identifers tags (RFID):
Random access:
Relational database:
Reliability:
Resolution:
Recovery:
Rollback:
  
 
Sampling rate:
Schematic design:
Secondary storage:
Security:
Sequential access:
Standard:
Software:
SQL: Standard Query Language - a standard interacitive programming language for querying and modigying data and managing databases (off Wikipedia = shall edit)
Storing and Retrieving:
Storyboard:
System:
System documentation:
  
 
Thin client:
Transaction: (batch transaction processing, real time transaction processing)
Transmission level protocol:
Transmission media:
Transmitting and Receiving:
Tweening: filling gaps between key frames?
  
 
Underdamping:
User:
User interface:
  
 
Volatile:
  
 
Wide area network (WAN):
  
 
  
 
  
 
Z 
 
 
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