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10IPT: Space Age Library

posted Sep 6, 2012, 7:16 PM by Eddie Woo
a) Describe 3 social and ethical issues in response to this article. (3)

Marking CriteriaMarks
Provides 3 different social or ethical issues and how they relate to the article3
Provides 2 different social or ethical issues and how they relate to the article OR provides 3 but does not refer to article2
Provides 1 social or ethical issue OR provides 2 but does not link to article1

Possible answers include:
  • Data accuracy - as books in the system or not disposed of or removed these books may date from many years back and the information inside may be obsolete
  • Removal of physical boundaries - the library is no longer one endless string of shelves for the user that requires a lot of physical searching. Books may now be accessed through a computer and an Automated Storage and Retrieval System
  • Changing nature of work - the way people do their research at libraries could be revolutionised with print media resources not required to be searched out. Also provides an easier task for librarians who no longer have to shelve or find books.
  • Access to data - a singular storage and retrieval terminal may provide limited access to the database of books while a regular library would allow the public to access these books without any significant waits to access shelves.It is also inaccessible by normal means once the library is closed for the night.

b) Explain how this system incorporates new technology without the digitisation of data and how this may be advantagous. - (3)

Marking CriteriaMarks
Relates cause and effect, showcasing a sound understanding of how the system does this and provide an advantage3
Briefly describes how the system incorporates technology and provide and advantage2
Briefly describes how the system incorportaes technology OR provides an advantage1

Sample answers:
  • The system incorporates technology without the digitisation of data by conserving already stored data in the form of print media.
  • It arranges the print media into organised rows of metal bins to form a database
  • Storage and retrieval is then able to be performed through the Automatic Storage and Retrieval System, which involves a crane and a computerised control terminal
  • Advantageous as no extra storage media such as hard drives are required
  • Saves system maintenance and cost

(c) Evaluate the use of this system as a database and identify its distinct features. (4)
Marking CriteriaMarks
Correctly identifies parts of the system that define it as a database and is able to judge its effectiveness as a database4
Identifies most parts of the system in common with a database and judges its effectiveness as a database2-3
Identifies only some parts or does not properly judge the effectiveness of the system1
  • Use of a database management system - the Automatic Storage and Retrieval System
  • Comparable to a flat-file database as Books are stored in rows and kept as individual records, but are also sorted into groups of similar topics such as through the Dewey decimal System
  • Fields may also be things such as the title, author, date of publish and genre
  • Queries would be used to search for and subsequently access these books
  • Access to data is done in the direct method, as opposed to sequential.
  • Reports may be compiled based on records from the system
  • Data mining may be performed by other programs based on records on books which are accessed most frequently
  • The system proves to function well as a database as it incorporates many features of the database and is even able to allow such analysis such as data mining . Storage and retrieval is sound, and the database is technically feasible (as it is already created) economically feasible (no need for new hard drives for storage, only automatic storage and retrieval system required) and operationally feasible (may be operated by anyone as t requires only basic knowledge to use)

d) Outline the conversion method that would be carried out to implement this system and justify the selection of this method. (3)
Marking criteriaMarks
Outline correct conversion method (phased), how it relates to the system and its conversion and the justification of using such a method3
Outline correct method of conversion and briefly justifies its use OR selects wrong method of conversion but justifies use of such method and how it relates to the system2
Selects correct of conversion and briefly outlines it1

Sample answers
  • Conversion method is phased as it introduces the new system while books are kept on shelves. Books are then gradually taken off shelves and placed into the underground storage system.
  • This method is best as it would provide a gradual introduction to the system to allow users to get the feel for the system
  • Would also give the system time to expand, or amend any flaws