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Aus: Victim of 'massive' cyber espionage

posted Aug 30, 2011, 6:01 PM by Unknown user   [ updated Sep 1, 2011, 1:42 PM by Eddie Woo ]
Today's individual question comes to us courtesy of Michael Zhang. You can see his marking guidelines and sample solutions below.

1. Identify the issues concerning this hacking scandal, and explain the potential implications on all parties involved. (6 marks)

CriteriaMarks
Identifies THREE social and ethical issues, and adequately identifies and explains the implications on both the subject of the intelligence and Australia of each issue.

5-6

Identifies TWO social and ethical issues, and adequately identifies and explains the implications on both the subject of the intelligence and Australia of each issue.

3-4

Identifies ONE social and ethical issues, and adequately identifies and explains the implications on both the subject of the intelligence and Australia of each issue.

1-2

Incomplete Answer

0-1


Social and Ethical Issues:
- Data Privacy: Privacy is virtually non-existent in this case, as highly sensitive material has been viewed by unauthorized people.
- Data Security: Security is questionable, as the hackers were able to access and steal sensitive information.
- Data Integrity: Integrity of the data can be questioned, as the data may have been tampered with.
- Appropriate Use Of Data: Data has not been used for the purposes intended
- Changing Nature of Work: Intelligence has turned electronic.
- Unauthorized Retrieval: Data has been retrieved by unauthorized people.
- There are many other possibilities; if unclear see me.

Implications
- Australia may be a less trusted place to keep information
- Sensitive information may fall into the wrong hands
- Loss of trust between sources and foreign governments
- Data may be sold off to bidders for inappropriate usage (e.g. for enemies’ advantage)
- “Disrupting important government organisations”
- Be creative... there are so many more.. anything that makes sense as an implication may warrant marks.



2. Discuss the potential advantages and disadvantages of the utilisation of electronic intelligence over traditional methods. (4 marks)

CriteriaMarks
Identifies TWO advantages and TWO disadvantages of the utilisation of electronic intelligence over traditional methods.

4

Identifies TWO advantages and ONE disadvantage (or vice versa) of the utilisation of electronic intelligence over traditional methods.

3

Identifies ONE advantage and ONE disadvantage of the utilisation of electronic intelligence over traditional methods.

2

Identifies ONE advantage/disadvantage of the utilisation of electronic intelligence over traditional methods.

1

Incomplete/No answer

0


Advantages:
- Less space taken up
- Ability to be accessed remotely
- More secure (high levels of encryption, no need for phsyical guards and safes)
- Easier to sort, search and perform basic analysis functions.

Disadvantages:
- Electronic devices needed to view intelligence
- The inability of remote access may result in intelligence more prone to remote hacking
- Training required to operate the electronic devices, hence money required to train staff, and time.
- Cost of purchasing electronic devices and training to allow for electronic intelligence to be effective.

3. Identify how databases and communications systems are related to in this scandal. (3 marks)

CriteriaMarks
Identifies how databases and communication systems are used in the storage electronic intelligence, also describe how they were related to in the hacking process/es.

3

Identifies how databases and communication systems are used in the storage of electronic intelligence or the hacking process/es.

2

Identifies how databases/communications systems are used in the storage of electronic intelligence or the hacking process/es.

1

Incomplete Answer

0



Databases were used to store the electronic intelligence, such as sensitive emails of high ranking government officials. Communication systems were used to transmit the sensitive material, and was also used in the remote hacking of the emailing clients of the high ranking government officials. (sample answer, any variations may warrant marks)
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