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Project Management - Marking Guidelines & Sample Answers

posted Oct 9, 2012, 2:46 PM by Unknown user   [ updated Oct 14, 2012, 12:40 PM by Eddie Woo ]
1)
CriteriaMarks
Correctly defines project management.
e.g. The skills, tools and management processes required to successfully undertake a project.
1
Does not correctly define project management.0


Sample Answer

Project management is the process of planning scheduling and controlling all the activities within each stage of the system development cycle.

2)
CriteriaMarks
Evaluates the four conversion methods, (advantages and disadvantages) with reference to the scenario. Includes justification for the conversion method chosen.5
Some advantages and disadvantages for 3 conversion methods with a justification. OR Evaluation of 4 conversion methods with no justification of final choice.4
Evaluates 2 conversion methods only, with final justification2 - 3
Evaluates 2 conversion methods only.1
Evaluates 1 conversion method0


Sample Answer

Direct conversion in relation to this scenario means that the shop will be closed down and all operations will be ceased except via the internet. This means that they may lose customers who are not sure of the fact that the company is going online but will be the cheapest conversion method. Parallel conversion in relation to this scenario means that the shop will continue operation in conjunction with the website and then the website will take over and be the sole operation base. This allows members of the public to adjust to the conversion but is more expensive overall as there are two systems running at once. Phased conversion in relation to this scenario means that departments within the clothing store will slowly go online. This would be complex for the public to keep up with. Pilot conversion would include trialling the new system with one department and seeing if it works. This allows for the possibility to revert back to the old system. Overall, a parallel conversion would be most effective as it allows for the systems to run at the same time, allowing any bugs to be ironed out and allowing for the possibility to revert back to the old system.

3)
CriteriaMarks
Lists similarities and differences between ‘bottom-up’ and ‘top-down’ development approaches.2 - 3
Lists only similarities or differences. 1
Does not provide a sufficient answer.0


Sample Answer

The top-down approach includes breaking down the whole project into simple tasks and building it up from there. The bottom-up approach includes building the project from little pieces without knowing how the completed system will look.

4) a)
CriteriaMarks
Correctly defines outsourcing with reference to obtaining goods/services from an outside provider.1 -2
Does not correctly define outsourcing.0


Sample Answer

Outsourcing involves using another company to develop or support parts of the system or the employment of an external party to perform some specialised tasks.

b)
CriteriaMarks
Describes 3 scenarios in detail, where outsourcing would be appropriate.3
Describes 3 scenarios but in insufficient detail.2
Describes 2 or less scenarios where outsourcing would be appropriate.1
Does not describe scenarios, or describes 2 or less scenarios in insufficient detail.0


Sample Answer

Three scenarios where outsourcing would be appropriate include where the company does not have the skills required to complete part of the system, the company does not have the resources to complete part of the system and the company does the funds required to complete part of the system.

5)
CriteriaMarks
Outlines 3 possible solutions to her problem, differentiating between the different types of user training methods. 3
Outlines 2 possible solutions to her problem, with reference to user training.2
Outlines 2 or less possible solutions, without reference to user training1
Does not outline practical solutions.0



Sample Answer


Solutions to her problem, with reference to user training include:

  • Accessing electronic/online resources to complete the training such as wizards.
  • Accessing written material developed for the training of the participants.
  • Getting the peers to teach her on the use of the system
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